How to Square Club Face

What causes open club face and how can you fix it?
Open club face leads to common swing faults such as:
  1. Player keeps the club face open too long, as they are subconsciously trying to help the ball fly up.
  2. Open club face would lead to pushing the ball, so the player makes adaptations.
  3. The player is subconsciously reacting to the club face and creating common swing faults:
  • Swinging to the left (out-to-in path) and thus slicing the ball.
  • Keeping his weight on the back foot and losing power.
  • Trying to square the club face at the last moment with a weak flip.

Once you fix the club face, a lot of the other problems will fix themselves. 


So how to fix this open club face?

You need to understand how the club face is opened and closed. The open club face is caused by too much lead wrist extension (cupping). Wrist extending (cupping/bending) and flexing (bowing/arching) are the motions that open and close the club face. Extension opens the club face, flexion closes the club face.
Extension opens the club face, flexion closes the club face.

The more control over flexion/extension you have, the better you will control the club face and shot direction.

Now look at the comparison of 2 swing positions:

IMAGE 1: Club face is square during downswing. It is pointing in the direction of the ball – resulting in the lead wrist being flatter or even slightly flexed (bowed).

IMAGE 2: Club face is too open. It is pointing up in the sky – result of the lead wrist being too extended (cupped).
If you have a lot of wrist extension, it is impossible to consistently remove it right before impact. 

HOW THE TOUR PROS square the face

Now look at a typical tour player swing. Pay attention to the lead wrist and club face. You can see that there is little movement needed from the wrists to square the club face.

Using HackMotion Wrist Sensors, we have been measuring PGA Tour players. We see that these top players square the club face early by avoiding extension (cupping) of the lead wrist. They square club face early so they don’t have to square it later in the swing.

The goal is to gradually get into position, with less club face manipulation leading up to the impact.

Below is a HackMotion 3D model with European Tour player’s wrist data during downswing. The number circled in red is the extension of the lead wrist. It starts from +11 extended (cupped) at the top and gradually moves to -7 flexed (bowed) at impact.

This gradual decrease in extension is the key to club face control. A typical amateur swing increases extension and then tries to remove it at the last moment – an almost impossible task.

All of our information is based on carefully analyzed pro player data, developed together with leading golf instructors.

Learn correct wrist mechanics
Subscribe to receive insights and tips on wrist mechanics


To learn how to consistently square the club face you need 2 things:

1. You need to know what your lead wrist is doing throughout the swing. You need DATA.

2. You need a way to know when your wrist is in a good position. You need FEEDBACK.

HackMotion Sensors provide both data and feedback.  Watch the video below to learn how accurate data and feedback can help improve club face control and accuracy.


If you are interested to start understanding how wrist flexion/extension squares the clubnface you can order the HackMotion wrist sensor here.

If you want more in-depth information about wrist data, take a look at our learning center (link below).

Choose Your HackMotion

Learn More About Wrist Angles


Want to learn correct wrist mechanics?

Subscribe to receive weekly content about wrist movements together with tour player data and suggestions from TOP coaches

Want clear benchmarks for wrist motion?

Wrist angles are the key to swing consistency. Get a clear guide for wrist motion to master clubface control!

Want clear benchmarks for wrist motion?

We use cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website.