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The Dynamics of Wedge Play – Mark Blackburn, Layne Savoie

In wedge game, the player has to be very adaptive, as the environment will play a key role. Training hands and wrist motion is crucial for short game. Great wedge players have ability to adapt the clubface and wrist angles to hit any shot needed. 

"It is essential, it's non-negotiable to have control over the wrists to be a high performer"
Mark Blackburn
PGA Teacher and Coach of the Year

Watch the webinar by Mark Blackburn and Layne Savoie  (34 min)

Watch Mark Blackburn and Layne Savoie demonstrate the concept of Two Sided Spin Mountain and the two crucial types of short game shots (high spin and low launch, low spin and high launch) you need to master.

What makes an outstanding wedge player?

Top players have the skills to control their moves intentionally and adapt to the environment they are in.

Over multiple years, the co-founders of WedgeCraft – Layne Savoie and Dr. Rob Neal-have gathered 3D data on how leading players make their short game shots.

A skill set based on the following control variables was developed: attack angle, club speed, face angle, contact point, club path, shaft lean, and intellect.  

Players should learn to control these variables to be able to perform a range of shots.

An essential skill that enables player to control most parameters of the swing is the ability to adjust hand and wrist motion. 

Learn the two types of shots from 2-Sided Spin Mountain

The 2-Sided Spin Mountain represents two types of shots players need to master to increase their adaptability in the short game:

1. Low launch angle, high spin rate (usually longer distance)

2. High launch angle, low spin rate (usually shorter distance) 

To master the both sides of Spin Mountain, the player needs to be able to change the impact environment, including wrist angles, to produce the desired launch angle and spin with the wedge.

Lead wrist mechanics of SHORT DISTANCE WEDGE (high launch, low spin):

Before impact, at shaft parallel, between positions P6-P7 wrist extension rapidly increases.

Full graph of wrist motion

Extension (+) / Flexion (-)

Lead wrist mechanics of LONG DISTANCE WEDGE (low launch, high spin):

Aim for a gradual movement towards flexion in transition and leading up to impact.

Full graph of wrist motion

Extension (+) / Flexion (-)

How to master both types of shots using HackMotion?

  1. Learn the wrist mechanics for both shots

    Mark and Layne focused on wrist extension (cupping) and flexion (bowing). Start by learning and practicing this motion, and then move to radial/ulnar deviation and rotation.

  2. Take a look at your graphs on HackMotion

    The absolute values may differ, but aim for a similar pattern of the graph line. Focus on the green line – extension/flexion.

  3. Use HackMotion biofeedback

    Set a range of wrist extension/flexion as a benchmark and allow your body to learn the positions. 

  4. Learn different short game shots
    Explore the wrist mechanics of 9 pitching and chipping shots here (Scott Cowx analysis).

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What’s next?

Benchmarks for Wrist Angles in Full Swing

Alistair Davies shares a detailed example that coaches and players can apply when starting to optimize lead wrist motion

Learn more short game shots

Lead wrist mechanics of the 9 pitching and chipping shots demonstrated by Scott Cowx

Ready to Try HackMotion Sensor?

  • HackMotion sensor is used by world’s leading coaches – Phil Kenyon, Allen Terrell, Scott Cowx, Mark Blackburn, David Orr, Brian Manzella, Mike Schy, and many others. Join the ranks of the most the educated coaches.
  • PGA Tour winners Dustin Johnson, Bryson Dechambeau, Brad Faxon, and European Tour winners Thorbjorn Olesen, Lucas Bjerregaard have used HackMotion to measure and optimize their wrist motion.
  • Access tour player data and compare your data against it. Discover your release pattern and optimize your performance.
  • Audio feedback helps to fix common swing faults – too much wrist cupping (extension) in full swing causes open club face and inconsistent wrist angles in your putting stroke.


PGA SHOW online webinar

January 24th
9am ET

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